World Cancer Congress Kolkata | International Cancer Conference World Cancer Congress - 2017 by Echo Health
CANCER IN A NEW WAY : INNOVATION, PREVENTION, DIAGNOSIS AND CURE
World Cancer Congress Kolkata | International Cancer Conference World Cancer Congress - 2017 by Raytheon Health World Cancer Congress Kolkata | International Cancer Conference World Cancer Congress - 2017 by Echo Health
  • Cancer is among the leading causes of death worldwide.
  • In 2012, there were 14 million new cases and 8.2 million cancer-related deaths worldwide.
  • The number of new cancer cases will rise to 22 million within the next two decades
  • More than 60 percent of the world new cancer cases occur in Africa, Asia, and Central and South America
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  • The number of people living beyond a cancer diagnosis reached nearly 14.5 million in 2014
Cancer is among the leading causes of death worldwide.1 In 2012, there were 14 million new cases and 8.2 million cancer-related deaths worldwide.2 The number of new cancer cases will rise to 22 million within the next two decades3 More than 60 percent of the world new cancer cases occur in Africa, Asia, and Central and South America4 The number of cancer deaths is 171.2 per 100,000 men and women per year5 The number of people living beyond a cancer diagnosis reached nearly 14.5 million in 20146
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World Cancer Congress Kolkata | International Cancer Conference World Cancer Congress - 2017 by Arjyopa Healthcare


LUNG CANCER

What is Lung Cancer

The lungs are a pair of cone-shaped breathing organs inside the chest. The lungs bring oxygen into the body when breathing in and send carbon dioxide out of the body when breathing out. Each lung has sections called lobes. Two tubes called bronchi lead from the trachea (windpipe) to the lungs.

The two main types of lung cancer are non-small cell lung cancer and small cell lung cancer. The types are based on the way the cells look under a microscope. Non-small cell lung cancer is much more common than small cell lung cancer.

Tobacco smoking is the most common cause of lung cancer. Lung cancer is the leading cause of death from cancer in the U.S. and the number of deaths from lung cancer in women is increasing.

For most patients with lung cancer, current treatments do not cure the cancer.



Key Points



A Snapshot of Lung Cancer

Lung cancer is the second most common cancer and the primary cause of cancer-related death in both men and women in the United States. The overall mortality rate for lung and bronchus cancers rose steadily through the 1980s, peaked in the early 1990s, and has been slowly declining since 2001. Trends in lung cancer incidence and mortality rates have closely mirrored historical patterns of smoking prevalence, after accounting for a lag period. Because the prevalence of smoking peaked later in women than in men, lung cancer incidence and mortality rates began declining later for women than men. The incidence rate has been declining since the mid-1980s in men but only since the mid-2000s in women; the mortality rate began declining in 1991 in men and but not until 2003 in women. Incidence and mortality rates are highest among African American men, followed by white men.

Although smoking is the main cause of lung cancer, lung cancer risk also is increased by exposure to secondhand smoke; environmental exposures, such as radon, workplace toxins (e.g., asbestos, arsenic), and air pollution. The risk of lung cancer can be reduced by quitting smoking and by eliminating or reducing exposure to secondhand smoke and environmental and workplace risk factors. The National Lung Screening Trial has shown that screening current or former heavy smokers with low-dose helical computed tomography (CT) decreases their risk of dying from lung cancer. Standard treatments for lung cancer include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, targeted therapy, laser therapy, photodynamic therapy, cryosurgery, endoscopic stent placement, and electrocautery.

Assuming that incidence and survival rates follow recent trends, it is estimated that $11.9 billion1 will be spent on lung cancer care in the United States in 2014.



World Cancer Congress Kolkata | International Cancer Conference World Cancer Congress - 2017 by Echo Health

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